"Situation" versus "frame The "interactionist" and the "structualist" analyses of everyday life American Sociological Review, 42,. 11-34 Washington,.C.: Island Press. Indeed most development plans and strategies are either unimplementable, or require continual Ministry of Truth-like post hoc alterat. Likewise, engineers who understand the technical aspects of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) are likely to access the risks of that process differently than "ordinary" people who live near the wells who have read popular media stories about the dangers of fracking-but also differently from the people. The frames of most importance to intractability usually include identity, characterization, power, conflict management/process, risk/information, and loss versus gain. "The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice Science 211,.
25 ibid, at 425-434. Each of those items or terms constituting the core of the contracthas connections with the outside world. Typical responses to threats to identity include ignoring information and perspectives that threaten the core identity, reinforcing affiliations with like-minded individuals and groups, and negatively characterizing outsiders.
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They help us organize complex phenomena into coherent, understandable categories. 1 Forthcoming in Social Studies of Science by unknown authors ". Depending on the context, frames may be used to conceptualize and interpret, or to manipulate and convince. These include:25 Reducing tension and promoting the de-escalation of hostility: by using techniques such as listening projects, study circles, and some forms of mediation which seek to reduce tension by creating forums that promote more effective communication around a set of limited objectives. Comey's account of his encounters with President Trump, it could present a prosecuable case of obstruction of justice, several former prosecutors said Thursday." (Charlie Savage, "Did Trump Obstruct Justice? "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision Under Risk, Econometrica 47,. Intractable disputes are usually associated with a complex and reinforcing set of frames about oneself, the "others risks, what information should apply to the situation, and how decisions should be made. Imagination, distributed responsibility and vulnerable technological systems 241 123 serves as a proxy for its partners in the field license, including state-owned Petoro. Making sense of intractable environmental conflicts: Concepts and cases (pp. It demonstrates how a frame change (or reframing) may cause a shift in conflict development, towards conflict management and/or resolution.
An Essay on Framing and Overflowing: Economic Externalities Revisited by Sociology Michel Callon The Sociological Review.
Vol 46, Issue 1_suppl,.
An Essay on Framing and Overflowing: Economic Externalities Revisited by Sociology.