in the sport domain ( Horn and Horn, 2007 ). The influence of parents behaviors did not only appear in motivational aspects ( Brustad., 2001 ; Fredricks and Eccles, 2004 but they often affect the youths enjoyment of the sporting practice ( Brustad, 1996 ; Scanlan and Lewthwaite, 1986 ). While various approaches can work, especially if applied consistently, parents should not lose sight of the most important goals and conditions: to raise happy, well-adjusted children in a stable and loving environment. A number of Japanese parents, for example, where one or both parents were fluent to some extent in English, have been able to raise bilingual children, in Japan as well as abroad. Taking the above comments into account, the first hypothesis is confirmed, verifying that parents motivational issues are related to their childrens motivation through the sport. Then just add frequent, sufficient, and sustained input and opportunities for authentic social interaction in two languages. The athletes were also aware of the occasions when their parents verbal comments were not consistent with their nonverbal signals, and of what their body language communicated (. Our societys social ideology that we must all have an education, get a job, get married and have children leaves people yearning to conform to this ideology. At the societal level, language shift can occur with social changes or in response to global trends. Baseline taxonomic information on native biota at the national level is also important to ensure that IAS can be recognized and distinguished from naturally present species. One recent ray of light for possible change is the recognition of the need for global human resources, and cosmopolitan Japanese young people are becoming more prominent in society. Olympiou., 2008 peers or parents (.
In Japan and many other countries the standardized language proficiency tests such as toeic and toefl are widely used for educational and employment screening, with high scores serving as qualifications. The first hypothesis proposed that parents task orientation would be positively related to childrens task orientation, as well as to their motivational climates. It is rational to conclude that many Americans choose to have children so they can continue to keep the American Dream alive. Furthermore, Holt. Yet if the returnees, like children of some international marriages, can maintain another valued language like English as well as Japanese, they are sought after by prestigious private universities. A parents' and teachers' guide to bilingualism. One may have thought of the question Why do people have children? However, earlier in its history Japan welcomed Asian mainland influences and, after World War II, Japan has absorbed American and other influences.