made on behalf of the policy have been weak and inadequate. The message cumulatively conveyed by dozens of court decisions is that Powell's principles are but a starting point for judicial reasoning. Yet the Wagner Act and other labor laws failed to protect union-organizing efforts in these occupations, which also went uncovered by Social Security or the new minimum-wage laws. This seems a long way from specificity. As a result, he wants to inject the policy debate with a new historical component, claiming that addressing modern racial inequalities requires connecting specific past harms to present remedies. They believed that race should not be ignored and that the growing gap between blacks and whites needed to be addressed. Instead, most African-Americans were channeled toward traditional, low-paying "black jobs" and small black colleges, which were pitifully underfinanced and ill equipped to meet the needs of a surging enrollment of returning soldiers. It is also hard to take seriously the book's repeated laments over FDR's decision to stick with a segregated military during World War. The new Supreme Court is likely to be less sharply divided. 4 1, ira Katznelson, When Affirmative Action was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America (New York:.W. Speaking for the 5-4 majority in that case, Justice Lewis.
From the Virginia Slave Laws of 1662 to the police brutality and mass incarceration trends of our age, how exceptional are the New and Fair Deals, at least in respect to their extensions of racial privileges? Given their hammerlock on the party, the Southerners succeeded again and again in ensuring that even ostensibly color-blind programs would be administered at the local level; they thereby all but guaranteed preferential treatment of whites, especially but not exclusively in the South.
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Over all, the.I. In his concluding chapter, Katz-nelson labors to convince the reader that his basic caseaffirmative action is justified because the disadvantaging of blacks in the Roosevelt and Truman years satisfies Powell's strict-scrutiny testis a simple syllogism. Katznelson desalination plant essay has tried to give us an historical model by which to address that gap. Bill than their white counterparts. A related problem is the considerable amount of time that has elapsed between the grievances Katznelson cites and the future remedy he proposes.
When Affirmative Action Was White - Free ebook download as PDF File (.pdf Text. 1 When I chanced upon these sentences in an essay. When affirmative action WAS white An Untold History of Racial Ineq uality in Twentieth-Century America.