has no right" meant that toleration of false churches was understood to be a vice not a virtue, and limiting, suppressing, or eliminating false churches was the political-religious outcome. Peoples Democracy march from Belfast to Derry which was attacked by loyalists. It was also during the period of the Sunningdale Agreement that loyalist paramilitary violence peaked. ul li They were successful in forcing some reforms. The conflict is widely seen as synonymous with terrorist violence, but it is important to see that violence is only a part of the conflict, although it is very significant as both a cause and as an effect of division. li /ul Road to Peace in Northern Ireland There are many groups in Northern Ireland who want to be part of the peace process. Unionists and the British government referred to the long running political violence as a law and order problem of terrorism. Both had a structure of companies, battalions and brigades, with a recognisable structure and headquarters staff. British troops were initially welcomed by Catholics as their protectors but were rapidly drawn into a counter-insurgency campaign against Republican paramilitaries.
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In Northern Ireland, while small groups of Catholic unionists and of Protestants who have an Irish identity do exist, in general Protestants are Unionist or Loyalist with a British identity and Catholics are Nationalist or Republican with an Irish identity. Republicans, particularly supporters of the Provisional IRA referred to the conflict as the war, and portrayed it as a guerrilla war of national liberation. State forces were also a major source of violence in the early 1970s as were loyalist paramilitaries. Catholic voting strength was diluted by gerrymandering where Catholics were grouped in one constituency so they would elect a smaller number of representatives in proportion to their numbers. Unlike previous IRA campaigns internment was not introduced in the Republic of Ireland, leading unionists to allege that the southern state sympathised with republican paramilitaries. A republican mural depicts the Falls Curfew. The prisoner Bobby Sands was elected to the British Parliament in a by-election during the strike, as, when Sands died, was Sinn Fein member Owen Carron. Most significantly, the Ulster Workers Council a body involving Protestant trade unionists as well as loyalist paramilitaries organised a general strike across Northern Ireland including in power stations. This was not however immediately the end of violence or of political deadlock. Index, origins of ethnic and cultural differences.
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